THE DOCUMENTS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL (MAOIST)
Red Salute to the Immortal Martyrs of the People's War!
Every revolution is nurtured by the blood of martyrs. The New Democratic Revolution in Nepal is no exception to this. Thought hundreds of martyrs have laid down their lives in the altar of this revolution since the inception of the Communist Party of Nepal in 1949, a new wave of heroic sacrifice - martyrdom was unleased after the initiation of the people's war in the country on February 13, 1996 (i.e. 1 Falgun 2052 B.S.) under the leadership of CPN (Maoist).
Within three months of this qualitative leap in the revolutionary process and the communist movement in Nepal, more than two and a half dozens revolutionary fighters have attained martyrdom while facing the repressive armed apparatus of the reactionary state. And the number in the list of martyrs continues to grow every passing day. We, therefore, pay our revolutionary homage and red salute to the immortal martyrs of the people's war and resolve to march forward along the revolutionary path charted by them.
The indiscriminate killing in fake encounters, mass scale arrests & inhuman torture in police custody, widespread arson & looting of properties of the people resorted to by the reactionary state after the initiation of the people's war knows no bounds. It is difficult to ascertain the exact number of those martyred, as dozens of young fighters arrested by the police in different parts of the country are reported missing. Of the two and a half dozens confirmed to have been killed by the police in fake encounters or indiscriminate shooting at the masses in the first three months (i.e. till mid-May), most of them have been local activists of different class & mass organisations, some were Party members and some belonged to the general masses.
Among the Party members were Com. Chop Bahadur Dangi (Rolpa), Com. Gehendra Giri (Rolpa), Com. Lahar Singh Pun (Rolpa), Com. Jayadhan Thapa (Rolpa) Com. Jokh Bahadur Pun (Rukum) and Com. Masta Bahadur Bista (Rukum). We pay our special revolutionary tributes to our fallen comrades !
February 13 marked a watershed in the history of the communist movement as well as the history of the entire social development in Nepal. The historic initiation of the people's war on this day not only dealt a fatal blow to the basically revisionist & reformist past of the Party and marked a great qualitative leap in the forms of both organisation & struggle, but this also ushered in a new era of democratic revolution in all spheres of the society - i.e. economic, political, social & cultural - through violent means.
With the clarion call of 'it is right to rebel' the Party on that day led the masses all over the country to rebel against the reactionary state and direct their ire against the ruling feudal and comprador & bureaucratic capitalist classes so as to smash the existing semi-feudal & semi-colonial state and build a people's New Democratic state. In a preplanned clandestine move selected targets of police out-posts, state-owned agricultural development bank office, factory of a multi-national company, brewery of a comprador bourgeois and premises of a local feudal-usurer were systematically attacked and properties thereof seized, as a symbol of rebellion and to herald the initiation of the people's war on that day. Together with these, hundreds of thousands of revolutionary leaflets & posters were distributed throughout the country to spread the political message of the historical rebellion among the general masses of the people the same day.
The reactionaries were caught totally unaware of all these and they were just appalled and dumbfounded at first. Only after several days did they seem to have realised the severe tremors in their 'heaven' of class exploitation & plunder, and they let loose their brute state force against the revolutionaries & the masses in a state of mad frenzy. Thus the precious blood shed by our valiant martyrs was the inevitable price the revolutionary process had to pay to make a historic rupture & break-through in the destabilisation of the old state and with the old form of our organisation & struggle.
The initiation of the people's war on February 13 was the result of the objective necessity of the Nepalese society since going in crisis and the conscious subjective preparations of the Maoist communist revolutionaries. The present Nepalese state created about two hundred years ago and presided over by a small clique of moribund feudal & comprador & bureaucratic capitalist classes is beset with such irreconcilable contradictions that all reformist efforts to introduce patchworks in the politico-cultural superstructure as weii as the economic base have failed to check its gradual slide towards total collapse.
Consequently, the country has now slided down to the position of the second poorest country in the world; economic inequality with the richest 10 percent gobbling up 46.5 percent of thne nationall income is one of the gravest in the worid; 71 percent of the population is forced to live below the absolute poverty line; 90 percent of the popuiation lives in rural areas in primitive conditions and 81 percent of the workforce is engaged in backward agriculture; 10 percent of the labour force is fully unemployed and another 60 percent is under-employed; nearly about one third of the total labour force is forced to emigrate to India & other countries for petty rnenial jobs and some for mercenary services in Indian & British armies; domination of foreign imperialist & expansionist powers in every spheres is ever increasing with more than two-thirds of the so-called development budget of the country relying on foreign loans; and so on & so forth. In other words, the objective conditions of the country would demand beyond any doubt a total restructuration of the existing semi-feudal & semi-co,onial relations & state and their replacement by New Democratic relations & state. But the subjective preparations by the Communist revolutionaries for this purpose was lagging far behind all these years.
The Communist movement long plagued with revisionism & reformism almost from the outset lacked among other things a correct Marxist-Leninist-Maoist ideological orientation and a revolutionary political line of bringing about New Democratic revolution through protracted people's war, till the decade of the 1 980s. Only at the Unity Congress held in December 1991 of the reconstituted C.P.N. (Unity Centre), which was later rechristened as C.P.N. (Maoist), was this ideological & political questior, finally sorted out with the adoption of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism as the ideological guide of the Party and the path of protracted people's war with the strategy of encircling the city from the countryside & in which guerilla war will have a strategic role as the only path of New Democratic revolution in the country.
After a fierce and victorious two-line struggle for nearly two & a half years against a rightist liquidationist clique opposing this ideological orientation ~ political line, which was finally expelled from the Party in May 1994, the Party ultimately decided at the historic third plenum held in March 1995 to go ahead with the initiation of the people's war and chalked out the strategy & tactics of the people's war in the country keeping in mind the specificities of Nepal. A year of general preparations since then and the intense preparations since the CC meeting of September 1995 had preceded the ultimate initiation of the people's war ctory of revolutionary Marxist-Leninist-Maoist fine over the various brands of revisionism on February 13, 1996. Thus, February 13 marks a historic & decisive vi &.neo-revisionism plaguing the Nepalese communist movement for iong, and in that sense the supreme sacrifice made by the heroic martyrs in this phase of the revolution deserves permanent place in the annals of proletarian revolution.
As the Party has unequivocally declared in the "Plan for the Historical I nitiation of the People's War" this people's war is aimed at creating a New Democratic stete, then marching towards socialism and then finally towards communism through a continuous series of cultural revolutions under the dictatorship of the proletariat, and thus it is an integral part & parcel of world proletarian revolution. Hence once it is started, it will follow the objective law of development of people's war through its different strategic stages and take different twists & turne, but it will never stop untli it has attained its final goal, i.e. a classless society of universal communism, as so brilliantly espoused by Mao in his theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Thus many many more of our proletarian class brothers & sisters will have to make supreme sacrifices of their lives to keep this fire of revolution burning till all the remnants of class society are burnt to ashes and we reach the goal of communism, because, as Mao again so aptly seid - either none will reach or all of us will reach the goal of communism.
The proletarian revolution has both immense challenges and opportunities in the present day world. Whereas world imperialism with U.S. imperialism currently at the forefront is, on the one hand, dreaming of crushing all the proletarian class and national liberation movements with the might of its vast overt & covert war arsenals, on the other hand, it is beset with irreconcilable contradictions within itselS and is fallieg into newer & deeper crisis everyday. However mighty it may appear at the surface it is ultimately a paper tiger, because the system of global exploitation & oppression it is based upon cannot be reproduced indefinitely and it has to collapse someday. Against this, the proletarian class in generai and those in the oppressed countries in particular are gradually recovering after their last loss in China and, particularly with the decade of 1 980s, they are rising in offensive against imperialism & domestic reaction in different parts of the world with the invincibie weapon of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. in their hands.
The Maoist communist revolutionaries from Peru & Philippines to India (Andhra Pradesh & Bihar) are posing a formidable challenge tc world imperialism & all reactionaries and lighting the path of proletarian revolution. The Revolutionary internationalist Movement (RIM) is preparing a good ground for the ultimate coming together of genuine communist revolutionaries the world over. It is in this context that the initiation of the people's war in Nepal marks the opening of a new front against world imperialism and reaction, and this front in the fand of world famous Gorkha warriors & highest mountain peaks (Himalayas) should hammer additional nails to the coffin of imperialism & reaction. We definitely are in a long arduous warpath, as the enemy is formidable, but we are in for inevitable victory, for our cause is righteous & just. The best homage to our martyrs, therefore, would be the persistent persual of the path of proletarian revolution until the final victory is achieved, and that, we resolve with all determination & courage, we will.
- Eternal Glory to the Immortal Martyrs !
- Long Live the People's War !
- Long Live Marxism - Leninism - Maoism !
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